Horseradish Root Powder
Horseradish Root Powder
Horseradish Powder (pronounced horse-rad-ish), Armoracia rusticana, is also called dried horseradish, powdered horseradish, or horseradish seasoning.
Horseradish Powder has an essential oil of up to 1.0%.
What is Horseradish Powder
Horseradish powder is a hot, spicy powder that comes from a root vegetable known as the horseradish root, is a member of the cabbage family and is related to Mustard and Pure Wasabi Powder. The root contains the pungent oil that gives horseradish powder its hot, spicy flavor. The dried root is ground into a powder form and is used to flavor classic horseradish sauces.
What does Horseradish Powder Taste Like
A sharp, burning, acrid, bitter bite and aroma where the sensation quickly overwhelms the sinuses.
How do You Use Horseradish Powder
With qualities like mustard, horseradish also has pungent volatile oils. When cooking horseradish, the spiciness is reduced as these oils evaporate. Therefore you are more likely to find horseradish in uncooked sauces. If however, you are looking for a hint of horseradish without the bite you can add a dash of the powder to cooked sauces towards the very end of the cooking process.
Where horseradish really shines is when it is partnered with beef, especially roast beef or prime rib, which are often served with a side of horseradish sauce. Having horseradish power on hand, allows you to create your own sauce tailored to your taste preferences and these are certainly fresher tasting as well. Simply add horseradish powder to sour cream or crème fraiche for a savory and spicy sauce.
For a biting and thick horseradish sauce, use 1 part powder with 1 part water. For a thinner sauce add some lemon juice, vinegar or plain yogurt. For a dipping sauce for shrimp, use 1 cup of ketchup and 2 tablespoons horseradish powder. For an even hotter mustard sauce that is ideal for sushi, combine horseradish powder with Hot Chinese Mustard and vinegar.
Horseradish sauce goes well with cheese, eggs, garlic, mustard, sour cream, soy sauce, tomato, and vinegar.
One of our favorite recipes using horseradish powder are Grilled Salmon Burger with Horseradish Dressing.
What is a Substitute for Horseradish Powder
Our top choice is Pure Wasabi Powder and our second choice would be brown mustard.
History of Horseradish Powder
Horseradish is indigenous to the Mediterranean as well as Eastern and Northern Europe and is now cultivated throughout Eastern and Central Europe1. Frequently non-truths are repeated so often that they become historical truths, and there is no doubt that much of the history that is associated with horseradish is likely not true. There is no written documentation that Egyptians knew of horseradish in 1500 BC as much societal literature indicates, and there is no record of enslaved Jews first finding horseradish in Egypt2. The 13th-century German Dominican friar, philosopher, scientist, and bishop, Albertus Magnus, describes a ‘raphanus’ (radish) used for medical purposes that matches horseradish well. The German physician and botanist, Leonhart Fuchs, in his Historia Stirpium (1542), gave the first unmistakable description of horseradish root used as a condiment3.
The English name horseradish has been used since the 1590's and is thought to have been derived by a misinterpretation of the North German Meerrettich which translates to "more radish" or "greater radish" as the plant grew wild in European coastal areas, and this term was most likely mistaken by English speakers as “mareradish”, with mare being the female horse, and later becoming horseradish4.
During the Renaissance (14th century to the 17th century), the use of horseradish spread from Central Europe westward into England and north into Scandinavia. By the 1640's the British started consuming horseradish as a condiment — and then it was only by peasants, laborers and those that lived in the countryside. By the late 1600s, horseradish was being consumed by all Brits of all socioeconomic status when eating beef and oysters. English inn keepers used horseradish to make cordials for new arrivals to their inns5.
Early colonists brought horseradish to North America6 and began cultivating it in their settlements. Both George Washington and Thomas Jefferson were known to grow horseradish on their farms7. Horseradish cultivation was widespread in the northeast by 1806, and by the 1840s it was growing wild in Massachusetts. By the mid 1850s commercial cultivation was taking place on small horseradish farms in the Midwest and by the late 1890s, the commercial horseradish industry was very strong especially in the Mississippi River Valley region of Illinois called the American Bottom8 which is now the most concentrated area of horseradish production in the world9. In the 1920s Wisconsin was also producing strong yields of commercial horseradish and after World War II, it was being commercially grown in regions of Northern California.
Horseradish thrives with a long growing season featuring high temperatures during the summer and cooler temperatures in the late summer and fall to promote strong root development10. Horseradish is typically planted in the early spring, by late April, from smaller side roots removed from the main root of the previous season in sizes ranging from 10 to 16 inches long11.
Horseradish grows best in a well-drained, deep, rich, moist loam soil with high organic matter12. The advantages of lighter textured soils allows the soil to dry faster, which enhances field digging during the wet conditions of fall, winter, and spring, and compared with heavier soils, lighter soils adhere less to the root mass which produces less damage to the root13.
Typically, horseradish harvest begins in late October to early November once the foliage has been killed by frost and continues through the winter and into the early spring months as long as the soil is not frozen and is dry enough to dig roots14. Harvesting operations generally use one- or two-row commercial potato harvesters that has been modified to dig deeper (down to about 1.5 ft) into the soil. It is important to harvest most of roots from the soil in order to minimize the amount of volunteer plants that will grow in following years in rotation crops. At this time smaller side roots are recovered and saved for spring planting16. Once harvested, the roots are transported to a shed where they are trimmed and sorted. For commercial processing markets, roots are generally not washed, but soil adhering to roots is removed in some manner (either by hand or revolving tumblers) before being packed and shipped17.
Where is Our Horseradish Root From
|Also Called||Dried horseradish, powdered horseradish, or horseradish seasoning|
|Recommended Uses||Use to make horseradish sauce, in uncooked sauces, sour cream, or with cheese, eggs, garlic, mustard, sour cream, soy sauce, tomato, and vinegar|
|Flavor Profile||A sharp, burning, acrid, bitter bite and aroma where the sensation quickly overwhelms the sinuses|
|Oil Content||Up to 1%|
|How To Store||Airtight container in a cool, dark place|
|Shelf Life||6-12 months|
|Country of Origin||China|
|Dietary Preferences||Gluten Free, Non-GMO|
Hungry for More Information
1 Raghavan, S. (2006). Handbook of Spices, Seasonings, and Flavorings (2nd ed.). CRC Press.
Horseradish: A Neglected and Underutilized Plant Species for Improving Human Health. Horticulturae, 7(7), 167.
3 Davidson, A., & Jaine, T. (2014). The Oxford Companion to Food (Oxford Companions) (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press.
4 Courter, J. W., & Rhodes, A. M. (1969). Historical notes on horseradish. Economic Botany, 23(2), 156–164.
5 Janick, J. (2009). Horticultural Reviews, Volume 35 (Volume 35 ed.). Wiley-Blackwell.
6 Pleasant, B. (2003, October). How to Grow and Cook With Horseradish. Mother Earth News. Retrieved December 21, 2021.
7 Leighton, A. (1986). American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century: “For Use or for Delight” (Reprint ed.). University of Massachusetts Press.
8 Little, A. (2019, February 5). Horseradish in Collinsville – Madison Historical Madison Historical: The Online Encyclopedia and Digital Archive for Madison County, Illinois. Retrieved December 21, 2021.
9, 17 Walters, S. (2021). Horseradish: A Neglected and Underutilized Plant Species for Improving Human Health. Horticulturae, 7(7), 167.
10, 12, 14 Swiader, J. M., Ware, G. W., & McCollum, J. P. (1992). Producing Vegetable Crops. Macmillan Publishers.
13 Bratsch, T. (2005). Specialty crop profile: Horseradish.
15, 16 Rhodes, A. M. (1977). Horseradish problems and research in Illinois. Crop resources.
Serving Size1 tsp
Amount Per Serving
% Daily Value*